• Ascorbic Acid

    Vitamin C, an antioxidant vitamin. Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats as they can produce adequate amounts on their own.

  • Biotin

    B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and haircoat.

  • Blueberries

    Rich in fiber and antioxidants, blueberries are considered to be a superfood.

  • Brown Rice

    Whole grain brown rice ground to a powder. Whole grains are metabolized more slowly, providing a steady supply of energy throughout the day. Source of fiber, carbohydrates and vitamin B.

  • Calcium Carbonate

    A mineral source of calcium, an essential nutrient.

  • Calcium Pantothenate

    Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth and haircoat color.

  • Carrots

    Carrots are rich in vitamin A and like sweet potatoes and pumpkin, get their color from beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant.

  • Chia Seed

    Chia seed contains protein, fiber and fat, and is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Also containing calcium, phosphorus and manganese, chia seed is a source of minerals.

  • Chicken

    Chicken is a highly digestible, lean protein that enhances palatability.

  • Chicken Meal

    Chicken is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

  • Chicory Root (Dried)

    A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

  • Choline Chloride

    A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

  • Chondroitin Sulfate

    A substance found in the body, this is a building block for normal healthy cartilage. It also helps block harmful enzymes from damaging the cartilage.

  • Coconut

    This tropical fruit is rich in fiber and fat, and a source of omega-6 fatty acids and many vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, iron and potassium.

  • Copper Proteinate

    Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

  • Copper Sulfate

    An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.

  • Dicalcium Phosphate

    A mineral source of calcium and phosphorus, two essential mineral nutrients.

  • DL-Methionine

    An essential amino acid which contains sulfur. Important for both dogs and cats, but more critical in cats since they have an increased demand for this amino acid. This is also a urine acidifier.

  • Dried Bifidobacterium Animalis Fermentation Product

    A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain® Probiotics and Viables® Probiotics.

  • Dried Kelp

    Seaweed plant that is a fiber and iodine source.

  • Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product

    A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain® Probiotics and Viables® Probiotics.

  • Dried Lactobacillus Reuteri Fermentation Product

    A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine digestive system. It is a component of our proprietary K9 Strain® Probiotics, added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion.

  • Egg / Egg Product

    Cooked and dried whole eggs.

  • Ferrous Sulfate

    Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

  • Flaxseed

    A plant source of omega-3 fatty acids that is very palatable.

  • Folic Acid

    A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).

  • Ginger

    Dried powder obtained from the ginger root.

  • Glucosamine Hydrochloride

    A building block for normal healthy joints. It is obtained from the shells of shrimp, lobsters and crabs.

  • Hydrolyzed Salmon

    Salmon that has been treated with enzymes to break down the protein into smaller components so it is not recognized by the immune system as an allergen.

  • Iron Proteinate

    Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

  • Kale

    A cruciferous vegetable that is extremely low in calories. Kale has extremely high levels of vitamins A and C.

  • L-Carnitine

    A vitamin-like substance that helps maintain normal metabolism. This helps the body burn fat for energy and helps normalize blood sugar levels. Also helps large breed puppies maintain lean body condition and strong bones.

  • Lamb Meal

    Lamb is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

  • Lentils

    A legume that is new to pet food formulations. Legumes contain protein, fiber and carbohydrates and are nutritious ingredients for pet foods.

  • Manganese Proteinate

    Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

  • Manganese Sulfate

    The manganese salt of sulfuric acid is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

  • Manganous Oxide

    The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

  • Menhaden Fish Oil (preserved with mixed tocopherols)

    Oil obtained from Menhaden whitefish. This oil is rich in marine source omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.

  • Natural Flavor

    Ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the food. (Does not contain MSG).

  • Natural Salmon Flavor

    This ingredient is created with a proprietary blend of salmon, spices and herbs to enhance the flavor of the dry pet food (does not contain MSG).

  • Niacin

    Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism.

  • Ocean Fish Meal

    Small ocean fish, such as Menhaden whitefish, are cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals. Additionally, ocean fish meal supplies marine source omega-3 fatty acids such as DHA and EPA.

  • Oranges

    Oranges are a source of Vitamin C.

  • Papaya

    A tropical fruit that is rich in vitamin A and C while also being low in calories.

  • Pea Flour

    Whole peas that have been ground into a flour consistency. Excellent source of protein and carbohydrates.

  • Peas

    Peas, either green or yellow, are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals.

  • Potassium Citrate

    Potassium salt of citric acid that contributes potassium to the diet.

  • Potassium Iodide

    Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

  • Potato Protein

    The protein portion of potatoes. Excellent back-up source of protein in high-protein recipes to help keep the ash low.

  • Potatoes

    A highly digestible carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates provide energy for everyday activity.

  • Powdered Cellulose

    A plant fiber source. This ingredient is highly refined, a white powder that provides insoluble fiber to the diet. The purpose of insoluble fiber is to lower calories or help control hairballs in cats.

  • Psyllium Seed Husk

    The dried, cleaned outer seed coat of psyllium seeds. It is a source of dietary fiber.

  • Pumpkin

    This squash get its orange color from beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant. It is also rich in vitamin C, potassium and fiber. It is most well-known for its fiber content, which helps support healthy digestion.

  • Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

    Vitamin B6. Water-soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.

  • Quinoa

    Quinoa is a grain that contains high levels of fiber and protein. It is rich in minerals and B vitamins, nutrients important for vital functions within your pet's body.

  • Riboflavin

    Vitamin B2. Water soluble. This vitamin is necessary for nervous system function, energy utilization, healthy skin and coat and tissue repair.

  • Salmon Oil

    This oil is extracted from salmon. Marine source oils are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.

  • Sodium Bisulfate

    An excellent urinary acidifier, this ingredient helps promote a urine pH of 6.1 - 6.4 in our adult cat formulas.

  • Sodium Selenite

    Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

  • Spinach

    A popular leafy green that is packed with vitamin A and vitamin K. Greens are also rich in antioxidants.

  • Sunflower Oil

    Purified oil from sunflowers, an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids.

  • Sweet Potatoes

    A power packed vegetable rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium and beta carotene, this is one ideal complex carbohydrate source that provides all day energy.

  • Taurine

    Amino acid essential that maintains healthy eyes and heart.

  • Thiamine Mononitrate

    Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

  • Tomato Pomace

    A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and firm stools. Sourced from tomatoes, contributes vitamin C, lycopene and other important antioxidants.

  • Turkey Meal

    Turkey is cooked and ground to a fine consistency to create a meal that is a highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

  • Vitamin A Supplement

    Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity and tissue integrity.

  • Vitamin B12 Supplement

    The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

  • Vitamin D3 supplement

    A supplemental source for vitamin D3, an essential vitamin nutrient.

  • Vitamin E Supplement

    Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.

  • Yucca Schidigera Extract

    A plant extract that helps support healthy digestion.

  • Zinc Proteinate

    Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

  • Zinc Sulfate

    Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction.